What does the CBT involve?


Before deciding to take the compulsory basic training (CBT) many find it useful to know what the course involves and the easiest way to do this is to lay out the five elements of the CBT course for those wishing to ride moped and motorcycles. You will only be able to progress onto the next element once your trainer is happy you have learnt the necessary theory and displayed safe practical skills.

A. Introduction to CBT (30 to 45 min)

Your trainer will go through the basics of the CBT and what the course entails so that you understand the purpose and content of CBT. They will also give you an eyesight test and a safety talk. They will also check to see if you have your provisional licence:

  • A provisional moped licence (Provisional category P entitlement)
  • A provisional motorcycle licence (Provisional category A entitlement)
  • A full UK car driving licence showing a category P or category A entitlement

B. Practical on-site training (45 min to 1 hr)

This section introduces you to the motorcycle although you won’t actually be riding it at this stage but it will give you the knowledge of how the motorcycle works as well as a feel for the weight and balance of the motorcycle. Overall yupon completion of this element you should show knowledge of:

  • motorcycle controls
  • basic safety checks and use of the stands
  • wheeling the motorcycle and braking to stop
  • starting and stopping the engine

C. Practical on-site riding (2 to 3 hrs)

CBT TrainingThis is where you actually get on the motorcycle and learn the basic skills to allow you to ride a motorcycle. Your trainer will need to be satisfied that you can perform the following:

  • riding in a straight line and stopping
  • riding slowly
  • using the brakes
  • changing gear
  • riding a figure of eight
  • emergency stop
  • rear observation
  • turning left and right
  • u-turns

If you can do all those then your trainer will judge that you are safe to move onto the next element and onto the roads.

D. Practical on-road training (45 min to 1 hr)

Now that you have displayed the proficiency to ride on-site you will be given a theory session on how to ride legally and safely so that you can show you understand the following:

  • being visible to other road users
  • legal requirements
  • vulnerability of motorcyclists
  • speed
  • Highway Code
  • anticipation
  • rear observation
  • road positioning
  • separation distance
  • weather conditions
  • road surfaces
  • alcohol and drugs
  • attitude
  • hazard perception

E. Practical on-road riding (at least 2 hrs)

The final element involves a two hour ride on the road with a trainer who will be in radio contact with you and you will have to prove that you can cope safely with a variety of road and traffic conditions including:

  • traffic lights
  • roundabouts
  • junctions
  • pedestrian crossings
  • riding on slopes and hills
  • bends
  • obstructions
  • u-turns
  • an emergency stop

The trainer will be constantly assessing your riding and perhaps stopping at certain points to discuss certain aspects of the session. If at the end they are happy that you are safe to continue learning alone then they will give you a certificate of completion (DL196) which will validate your provisional licence and entitle you to ride a moped on the road as a learner with L-plates.

CBT Video Guide